eMonocot Cyperaceae

an authoritative resource for Cyperaceae data worldwide, integrating global and regional perspectives

Schoenoxiphium

General description: 

Tufted or (shortly) rhizomatous perennials. Culms scapose. Leaves ligulate. Inflorescence open to condensed paniculate or spicate, with few-many spikelets, cladoprophylls sometimes ± utriculiform, swollen at the base, and subtending a female flower. Primary bracts leaflike or short, sheathing or not. Ultimate partial inflorescences spikelike, bisexual or unisexual, with few-many spirally arranged deciduous or persistent bracts (or glumes), either subtending (proximally) a bisexual spikelet or a female spikelet, or (distally) a male flower. Bisexual spikelet with a basal ± utriculiform prophyll, subtending a female flower, and a rachilla bearing at the top few-several glumes, each subtending a male flower. Female spikelet reduced to a ± open utriculiform flowerbearing prophyll, enclosing the well-developed, often laminar rachilla, ovary and style, only style branches and often the rachilla protruding. Male flower 3-staminate, without bristles. Female flower with a 3-fid style, style base not distinct, not or slightly thickened, persistent. Achene oblong or (ob)ovate, trigonous, often beaked, smooth.

General Description Reference: 
Goetghebeur, P., 1998. Cyperaceae
With kind permission from Springer Science+Business Media: This work is subject to copyright. All rights reserved, whether whole or part of the material is concerned, specifically the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustrations, broadcasting reproduction on microfilm or in any other way, and storage in data banks. Duplication of this publication or parts thereof is permitted only under the provisions of the German Copyright Law of September 9, 1965, in its current version, and permission for use must always be obtained from Springer-Verlag. Violations are liable for prosecution under German Copyright Law.
Distribution: 

S Africa, on the E African mountains (2), and in Madagascar (2)

Distribution Reference: 
Goetghebeur, P., 1998. Cyperaceae
With kind permission from Springer Science+Business Media: This work is subject to copyright. All rights reserved, whether whole or part of the material is concerned, specifically the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustrations, broadcasting reproduction on microfilm or in any other way, and storage in data banks. Duplication of this publication or parts thereof is permitted only under the provisions of the German Copyright Law of September 9, 1965, in its current version, and permission for use must always be obtained from Springer-Verlag. Violations are liable for prosecution under German Copyright Law.
Ecology: 

In humid grassland and dense to open forest.

Ecology Reference: 
Goetghebeur, P., 1998. Cyperaceae
With kind permission from Springer Science+Business Media: This work is subject to copyright. All rights reserved, whether whole or part of the material is concerned, specifically the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustrations, broadcasting reproduction on microfilm or in any other way, and storage in data banks. Duplication of this publication or parts thereof is permitted only under the provisions of the German Copyright Law of September 9, 1965, in its current version, and permission for use must always be obtained from Springer-Verlag. Violations are liable for prosecution under German Copyright Law.
Authorship and sources: 
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith