eMonocot Cyperaceae

an authoritative resource for Cyperaceae data worldwide, integrating global and regional perspectives

The effect of nutrient level on plant structure and production in a wet grassland: a field study

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2011
Authors:Kaplova, M., Edwards, K. R., Kvet J.
Journal:Plant Ecology
Volume:212
Pagination:809-819
Keywords:biodiversity, communities, eutrophication, land-use, management, meadow complex, phalaris arundinacea, phalaris-arundinacea, production, Restoration, seminatural grasslands, soil, vegetation changes, wet grasslands, wetland
Abstract:

Since the 1950s, agricultural intensification has affected the structure and functioning of ecological systems including wet grasslands. Our study site, a wet grassland near TA (TM) eboA, Czech Republic, was historically a sedge meadow, but increased nutrient additions, a long-lasting flood in 2002 and changed mowing patterns resulted in domination by Phalaris arundinacea. The aim of the study was to determine how different nutrient conditions may affect plant structure and production in a wet grassland used for hay production. Species composition and percent cover were determined from line intercepts. Aboveground biomass was harvested six times each in 2007 and 2008 and primary production then calculated. Ingrowth core bags were used to determine belowground production. Aboveground production was two times greater in the high nutrient versus the low nutrient area in both years, while belowground production was very similar. The high nutrient area was still dominated by P. arundinacea, but Carex gracilis was now a co-dominant in the low nutrient area. However, other factors, such as water level and mowing regime, may interact with nutrient level to govern wet grassland structure and function.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith