|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication:||2011|
|Authors:||Kaplova, M., Edwards, K. R., Kvet J.|
|Keywords:||biodiversity, communities, eutrophication, land-use, management, meadow complex, phalaris arundinacea, phalaris-arundinacea, production, Restoration, seminatural grasslands, soil, vegetation changes, wet grasslands, wetland|
Since the 1950s, agricultural intensification has affected the structure and functioning of ecological systems including wet grasslands. Our study site, a wet grassland near TA (TM) eboA, Czech Republic, was historically a sedge meadow, but increased nutrient additions, a long-lasting flood in 2002 and changed mowing patterns resulted in domination by Phalaris arundinacea. The aim of the study was to determine how different nutrient conditions may affect plant structure and production in a wet grassland used for hay production. Species composition and percent cover were determined from line intercepts. Aboveground biomass was harvested six times each in 2007 and 2008 and primary production then calculated. Ingrowth core bags were used to determine belowground production. Aboveground production was two times greater in the high nutrient versus the low nutrient area in both years, while belowground production was very similar. The high nutrient area was still dominated by P. arundinacea, but Carex gracilis was now a co-dominant in the low nutrient area. However, other factors, such as water level and mowing regime, may interact with nutrient level to govern wet grassland structure and function.